Timeline of Britain

?-12,000BC THE ICE AGE
300,000BC Colonization of Britain by Homo Erectus
Britain is attached to the European continent during an interglacial period of the Ice Age. Using simple wooden
spears, primitive humans hunt the mammoth and hippopotamus that are prevalent in southeast England.
70,000BC Neanderthals settle in England
These humans live in caves and hunt wild animals for food and clothing.
35,000BC Homo Sapiens begin to settle in Britain
Displacing the Neanderthals and becoming ancient Britons.
7,500BC Britain becomes an island
Mainland Britain is seperated from the continent of Europe, when the sea covers the land-bridge that joined them.
4,300BC-2,750BC THE STONE AGE
2,800BC The construction of Stonehenge in Wiltshire begins.
2,750BC-750BC THE BRONZE AGE
2,600BC Development of Avebury stone circle in Wiltshire.
2,000BC The construction of Stonehenge is completed.
750BC-55BC THE IRON AGE
750BC New Celtic migrations into Britain
The arrival of these Germanic people coincides with the beginning of iron displacing bronze as the principal metal
used for tool and weapon making in Britain.
55BC-450AD ROMAN BRITAIN
45AD Most of southern England under Roman control
60AD King Prasutagus dies
The death of the Iceni king sees Boudicca leading the Iceni and Trinovantes in a brutal revolt, slaughtering inhabitants of
Cumulodunum (Colchester), Londinium (London) and Verulamium (St Albans). Boudicca’s army was devastated near Mancetter (Warwickshire) and the revolt
ended with the alleged self-poisoning of Boudicca and her daughters.
122AD Construction of Hadrian’s wall begins
139AD Construction of the Antonine wall begins
Though the wall is abandoned in 163 and 207.
450AD-800AD THE CREATION OF ANLGO-SAXON ENGLAND
c.500AD Seven major Anglo-Saxon kingdoms
Succesive invasions by the Jutes (from southern Scandinavia), Saxons and Angles (from northern Germany)
begin in earnest shortly after the withdrawal of the Romans. The Heptarchy (seven kingdoms) is established over time by the settlement of the invaders, with
Wessex, Mercia and Northumbria vying for supremacy over Sussex, Kent, East Anglia and Essex.
600-800AD Conversion of England to Christianity
c.790AD Four major Anglo-Saxon kingdoms
Wessex, Mercia, Northumbria and East Anglia now vie for supremacy and the ruler’s title of Bretwalda
(overking).
800AD-1066AD THE VIKING INVASIONS AND THE EXPANSION OF WESSEX

Britain in 50 a.d.

Britain in 500 a.d.

Britain in 600 a.d.

Britain in 700 a.d.

www.yorksj.ac.uk/dialect/ Scanset.htm and The Rough Guide History of England by Robin Eagles

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